The Consciousness Of The Soul

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Cobra: Physical Intervention (mind blowing stuff guy's!

Cobra - Resistance Movement

By Cobra

The clearing of plasma toplet bombs has progressed to the point where we will see more positive physical action towards the planetary liberation, but not yet the Event. I have received very interesting intel about the Event and hopefully I will be able to release it in early December. I can only release hints until then. Let me just say that 2-4 weeks before the Event, situations will drastically accelerate. The following intel drops are partially correct in describing the situation, some of them being overly optimistic about how fast the changes will happen:

Recently, Dragon sources have communicated that “between November 2017 and February 2018, somebody will finally have enough and will trigger Full Disclosure.” It is interesting to note that this time frame coincides with a major operation of the Light Forces.


Another relatively reliable source has stated that “the Event will most likely happen in 2018”. This statement is related to the following developments in a certain way:

The Resistance refused to comment on the above two statements, as they are never giving any time estimates for quite obvious reasons. I have added above time estimates just to give you an idea about what rumors are now spreading at the top of the intelligence community. Dragons have also stated that “the Dark have gone too far and their actions are noted. Measures will be taken that the cosmic balance is reinstated.”

Another source has stated that “Microsoft programmers must choose wisely whether they are following forces of evolution or forces of decay. This choice will have drastic consequences in their lives.”

The above statement is related to but not limited to the following:

Another hint that we are in the final stages is the fact that the Syrian pentagram is now liberated, with the last vortex point (Raqqa) being freed very recently:

The reason why the dark forces were able to do so much evil is because nobody stopped them. Now, as the number of remaining plasma bombs is decreasing fast, there will be more and more physical actions that will have the sole purpose of stopping the Cabal in their actions. Besides plasma anomaly, physical pain is the second most powerful source of evil when combined with negative free will. Physical pain originates from imperfect evolution of central nervous system in the physical bodes on planets with excessive amount of primary anomaly. Fear of physical pain is the source of trauma-based mind programming which structures the society on planets controlled by the dark forces, the last such planet being planet Earth.

 Now the Light Forces have begun to dissolve the whole trauma-based mind programming complex on planet Earth at its core with their advanced technologies in a way that will not be described here. As a positive side effect of the current actions of the Light Forces, there are many breakthroughs in medicine that will make lives of many people much easier:

The following invention is very similar to what the Resistance is using in the last two decades:

The Pleiadians would now like to help people with chronic pain and have developed a protocol that can help ease the pain. If you have chronic physical pain, you can repeat three times in your mind. “Command PB stardust” The Pleiadians will then use their advanced technologies to access your central nervous system to ease your pain. This new protocol is still in development and is limited in its efficiency and the Pleiadians are asking for feedback. Those who will use this protocol, are welcome to report its effects in the comment section on my blog where this article is posted. I can not say more about the situation, but the following months will be very interesting. You can help with the final push by doing this meditation:

Victory of the Light! This article (Cobra: Physical Intervention) was originally published on The Portal and syndicated by The Event Chronicle.

The 8 Most DANGEROUS Kids That Can Kill In An Instant - In The World!

These Are The 8 Most DANGEROUS Kids In The World!

These Are The 8 Most DANGEROUS Kids In The World! Here are the 8 most dangerous kids in the world:

1.) Christian Fernandez: In 2011, Fernandez was only 12-years of age when he was left with his 2-year-old sibling. While his mom was away, Fernandez beat the little child to death. Confirmation later surfaced that he had improperly manhandled his sibling and slaughtered a little cat previously. After confirmation demonstrated that Fernandez had experienced a loathsome adolescence including wrong manhandle and watching his progression father's suicide, he was given a request of homicide and exasperated battery. Christian went to jail until he was nineteen years old.

These Are The 8 Most DANGEROUS Kids In The World!

2.) Jordan Brown: When Brown was 11, he started to get jelous with his fathers girlfriend pregnancy. While she was resting, Brown shot her in the back of the head with a .20-gage shotgun, murdering both her and her unborn baby. Darker was the focal point of a contention about whether or not he ought to be attempted as a grown-up, inevitably settled with a jail sentence until his 21st birthday. He'll be discharged in August of 2018.

These Are The 8 Most DANGEROUS Kids In The World!

3.) Young lady A: In 2004, a young lady from Japan (whose name was not discharged because of her age) tricked a colleague into another classroom and started opening her throat and arms with a container cutter. The young lady at that point came back to class with her garments shrouded in blood. The murdering known as the "Sasebo Slashing" started banter over the period of criminal obligation in Japan which had just been brought down in 2000.

These Are The 8 Most DANGEROUS Kids In The World!

4.) Bever Brothers: In 2015, a standout amongst the most frightful adolescent murders ever happened in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma. Robert and Michael Bevers attempted to execute their whole family, including their folks and four kin. The 16 and 18-year old young men figured out how to wound and slaughter five individuals, with their 13-year-old sister making due subsequent to being hurried to healing center. They were given five continuous life sentences without the capacity of parole.

These Are The 8 Most DANGEROUS Kids In The World!

5.) Jasmine Richardson: 12 year old Jasmine had examined killing her family with her 23 year old boyfriend in numerous circumstances. They went into her home in Medicine Hat, Canada in 2006 and slaughtered her folks and 8 year old sibling. The sweetheart, Jeremy Steinke had told companions he thought he was a 300-year-old werewolf who devoured blood. Both were indicted three checks of first degree kill, however Richardson must be condemned to a most extreme of 10 years.

These Are The 8 Most DANGEROUS Kids In The World!

6.) Jon Venables & Robert Thompson: Two 10 year old young men tricked a little child far from his family in 1993, murdered him and left his disfigured body on an arrangement of prepare tracks. The two were spotted by a surveillance camera calmly watching different children previously settling on 2 year old James Bulger. The young men were detained until the point when they turned 18. In 2010, Venables came back to jail for damaging piece of his permit.

These Are The 8 Most DANGEROUS Kids In The World!

7.) Keith Randulich: In a chilling case of a high school executing, Randulich inquired as to whether he could purchase a weapon to stop a relative that was manhandling his child sister. After his mom said no, whenever she went out Randulich executed his sister by cutting her throat. Indeed, even at his barrier, Randulich kept up that he had done it to secure her, however no proof of manhandle had been found. He was condemned to 40 years in jail in 2011.

These Are The 8 Most DANGEROUS Kids In The World!

8.) Eric Smith: In 1993, Smith was tired of being tormented at school and chose to take it out on a 4 year old kid who was going to that day camp. He murdered him by dropping a rock on his head. Smith was sentenced second-degree kill in 1994 is still detained. He has been denied parole eight times, with his folks notwithstanding contradicting his discharge.

These Are The 8 Most DANGEROUS Kids In The World!

I'm seriously guy's, if you see some of these hitchhiking at the side of the road just RIDE ON BY! And say no chance pal? I don't pick up freaks or killers? I just don't know what the world is coming to? It is absolutely scary, spooky and child killers are the worst of the bunch of killers and bunch of hooligans!
In my eyes, they should be sent to prison for the rest of their lives because an eye for an eye means if the punishment reflects the crime then it is a life for a life? I don't agree with capital punishment but I agree with life meaning life behind bars! So should you? This is not a sympathy post, this is a get them little dirt bags off the streets and don't give them any appeals! If it happened to your family you'd feel even severe than that because it hasn't effected my family (touch wood) but I can empathise and understand the victims families feeling the way they do?

It's common sense to feel like the aggrieved party because it is a loss of life and life is precious. Human beings are the rarest mineral on this planet! There is only a few billion particles, lol. Human beings are basically a virus I get that, but it is a good bacteria - just like Yakult, lol. We are the good bacteria and every now and again some of the Yakult goes past it's sell by date and expires then turns horrible and nasty, it effects the other good bacteria around it so yeah, these little so-and-so's got what they deserved in my opinion?

Hi, my name is "Yakult designated name Tim". I'm from UFO SIGHTINGS FOOTAGE!

BadBad bacteria versus good bacteria like good kids and bad kidsGood

Make YouTube Great Again - Google is Deleting Your Favourite YouTube Channels (and disabling mine soon)

Sign this if your on YouTube it is going down the bog big time. It's about time we brought back YouTube were anyone could quit whatever they were doing to make a living and become your true inner-self and share that with an audience that actually wanted to see your stuff man.

Sign this and lets use this as shouting platform to YouTube big wigs and poor decision makers that their way even though it may be your baby, it is wrong and your hurting many, many great bread and butter content creators! It smells of eventual termination of YouTube and some other platform is gunna take it's place which is a behavioural trait of Google/YouTube as we all know?


Post. Script.

YouTube are a bunch of know it all, (even that's not exactly and actually true?) They are a bunch of swindlers, fraudsters, money launderers and suppressors of the truth!

The truth in most of my Conspiracy theory videos might not designated a high priority buy, now nothing uneducated coffee drinking, latte sipping and yoga enthusiasts that are 2 decades out of touch with the common content creator even though they keep on promoting the same old shit like long frizzy wigged coffee teams of people that all have a chair to sit on and a spot light near them with a smile saying hello YouTube and thank you for who knows what?

Probably nothing and loads of it? A select few are hand picked to share their success stories? More like share their ass groveling, brown nosed yes men or women that do nothing but sit at a desk because it's cool to have a $4,000 computer and sit there pretending like they're handling a company/business when really they're paid actors actresses to sit and look hipster, pretty, cool, street wise, finger on the pulse of the city gossip.

And in reality it's all BS because these people that YouTube constantly put forward as young, hip creators on the rise are only on the rise because of favouritism and if you don't fit the Chinese looking, mixed race, Asian, Middle class white man, token black man and a Japanese woman then believe me guys, if there's no ginger haired woman in the photo shoot well then, it will most likely get ditched?

Until they have a freckled faced hot, ginger woman with an ear to ear smile. They all don't look like they could string a sensible question together let alone answer the question? It's just a director saying yeah guys pretend you've all just met in a snazzy bar and your the toast of the town ACT LIKE THAT and you'll be a star? More like they'll promote your shit!

I'm not saying YouTube is racist, but they are definitely selection based! YouTube is 100% run by not apes or monkeys? C'mon guy's, Darwin said humans were descended, evolved from Moneys or apes (I forget which)? YouTube are not in the category of evolved because they don't have an heart so technically they are not descended from anything that is with a life force - It's called an algorithm with the call sign B.S - Alpha - Monkey Darwin - Is - A - punk are you receiving over?

Did you know that YouTube posted a loss of 2 pairs of socks, 3 sandwiches clearly marked with names on them all from the staff fridge in the canteen? Guess who they blamed? Go - on have a guess?

They blamed the algorithms. But said nothing can be done so they reimburse themselves with the amount of $90 each person. I know this because my friend of many months now hates the hypocrisy and is leaving? He said everything is all about getting whatever they can before YouTube bis being terminated due to manufactured losses which will come in 2018 but in March 2018 you see the first seed to this prophecy sown. You didn't hear it here, alright! Forget I mentioned it. I can't be classed as insider knowledge trading because I won't be cashing in on this at all. To risky.

How do I know, the same way I know DPRK or North Korea has that I know of as now, 17 converted Jumbo Jets 747's and internal fuel tank added plus a huge nuclear bomb is inside of it. It looks exactly the same as I think a South Korean Jet? I'm not 95% on that one? I try not to add locations now because of the last mistake I made and got the Manchester Arena bombings wrong. I researched, worked things out and was sure it was the lourve in France but it was right down the blooming road! I've apologised to the relevant agency and I am deeply, deeply ashamed of my lack of awareness. I messed that up and I was convinced it was the Lourve. There was celebrations (low key) only a few feet away from the Lourve in Paris and I thought I overheard one say to the other I will see you on the other side etc. I thought 2 suspects were saying goodbye to their family, friends and people who means something to them? So I thought it was the Lourve but it turned out to be the Manchester Arena Bombing. I've never had a bombing, terrorist attack happen so close to me and the **** I picked up on simply blindsided me. Or it's that they are they're now aware they are been followed by remotely viewing them. It's not a trance or anything like that. You don't have to have it or not etc. All that's absolutely bull shit.
Dots, info, knowledge all in the back of your mind but alive with energy equals specific traits, behaviours, characteristics and body language, sight becomes pre picked and designated by time. Look around, the answers to every single problem on this planet is their? YOU just have to, must, need to know how to spot such infringes of detiny, not pre designated ammounts of time or pre designated signals sent back? It's not a AI riddle wrapped within an enigma (Churchill 1945) it is about turning the dials as far as the wrist will allow you? Or a metal that melts at room temperature (Houdini). The insane jacket hahah was nothing more than a new fangled stretched cotton belt. The clasps were made from lead. The struggle you see him doing upside down is him actually tightly fitting it more and more around him for dramatic tensions and anxiety with suspensful drama of which it was called "on the edge of your seat performance"? It was a trick nearly always going horribly wrong but right at the last minuet he saved the day and took that infamous massive breath of air and couldn't speak to reporters until the paramedics gave him the all clear.


That was announced online and the one true precised, Satan in HUMAN FORM demand's new clothes for this era please. 

Please can we make our lord, our master (a free of charge, I will pick up the tab for) round and round never ending, looking type lower level truth seem to go in the direction of down! Well I'm here to tell you that it is up! Heaven has NEVER, NEVER BEEN REFERRED TO AS Dumbo

This guy is an absolute trickster, card counter, confidential con artist. He is a member of the Royal academy for the Magicians codes. Prince Charles is the Royal Patron The Magicians Code. Of it



Who are the most powerful people in the world and what do they really want? Elected politicians are quite rightfully subjected to a huge amount of scrutiny by the mass media and the institutions of the state. This means that their corruption, illicit activities and poor performances in their roles are consistently highlighted to the public. However, there is an argument that this level of scrutiny and criticism should be applied to other individuals who are arguably more influential and powerful in society who seem to manage to evade the same level of examination and accountability.


There are some wealthy families and individuals operating in the United States who exert disproportionate influence over the workings of society and yet are not held accountable for the ways that they wield that power. In fact, most people in American society do not even know the names of these individuals or how acutely they have affected their lives.


The first of these individuals is David Rockefeller, a direct descendant of the first American billionaire J.D. Rockefeller who made his fortune monopolizing the American Medical Establishment. Over the years, the Rockefeller family have been pivotal in the campaign to discredit natural remedies and the growth of the notoriously corrupt pharmaceutical industry. David Rockefeller has also been linked to highly controversial political ideas, claiming that he would like to play a role in the establishment of a one world government which is completely controlled by the elite. He once wrote, “Some even believe [the Rockefellers] are part of a secret cabal working against the best interests of the United States, characterizing my family and me as ‘internationalists’, conspiring with others around the world to build a more integrated global political and economic structure – one world, if you will. If that’s the charge, I stand guilty, and I’m proud of it.”


Another person who is believed to share his views is Henry Kissinger, who Rockefeller has been close friends with since 1954. When he served as Secretary of State, Kissinger created a bloody and disgraceful legacy with the war in Vietnam, the instigation of coups in South America and assisting corrupt and brutal regimes all over the world to suit his economic agenda. Now he has fallen out of the spotlight to some extent, but he still serves a crucial role in defining the US and international politics and is regularly called upon by serving presidents and Secretaries of State for advice in the perpetuation of the War on Terror.


George Soros has also played his role in advising politicians as to how to set their agendas despite the fact that he has a notorious reputation as a financial parasite who has made his fortune on economic collapse. During the 1997 Asian financial crisis, he was accused of bringing down the entire Malaysian government through illegal insider trading, and it is believed that he was acting in a similar fashion in England. Despite this shameful professional reputation, Soros is best known today for his so-called philanthropic causes. Soros claims that he wants to use his money to make the world a better place, however, his political views have led him towards some disreputable allegations such as rigging elections.


Soros’s relationships with the Clintons is well known. Another person believed to have had a huge influence on the political power couple is Lawrence Summers. Under Bill Clinton, Summers served in various positions within the US Treasury eventually rising to the head of the Department in 1999. While he was in office, Summers removed the Glass-Steagall Act which is believed to have played a central role in the global economic crisis of 2008. Following his stint in government, Summers has been aggressively pursuing his financial deregulation agenda all over the world, and his actions have contributed to a rise in the level of inequality and the transferring of huge amounts of wealth from the population to the elite.


Perhaps the most influential and shadowy figures in the world are the Rothschild family who owns a majority of the world’s central banks which operate as private institutions as well as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. The family is quite open about how much influence they exert over the affairs of the world with the patriarch of the family Mayer Amschel Rothschild once saying, “Give me control of a nation’s money and I care not who makes the laws.” The family has also been open about their ability to destroy any nation which does not follow their agenda to the letter which means that even powerful political figures such as Hillary Clinton have been reported to grovel to them for forgiveness when she incurred their displeasure.

Aerial Images May Unlock Enigma of Ancient Stone Structures in Saudi Arabia

Stone structures that date back thousands of years built by the ancient ones are an enigma all unto themselves and they are just stunning because without aerial photography we wouldn't have any and I mean ANY of the stunning images that we have now? Even astronauts have contributed somewhat in a limited way by giving us a brief window into the landscapes and and plains of the Middle East and North Africa? 

This has opened up all our eyes and shown us just how far back we all go and just how sophisticated we was even back then? Maybe many, many, many thousands of years ago we could of been in communication with Aliens, that's personal opinion? Maybe even more than what they tell us about.

The monuments, structures and landscape art sometimes literally scraped into and dug into the ground and some are just so large that only a bird's-eye view can reveal their intricate archaeological secrets: gorgeous and mysterious geometric shapes resembling a range of objects, from field gates, to kites, to pendants, to wheels.
This is so cool and most historic in any case?
Aerial photographs and ground inspection of the keyhole pendants in Saudi Arabia reveal more details of the enigmatic structures. Credit: Courtesy APAAME, APAAME_20171027_DLK-0891

Hundreds of thousands of stone structures that date back thousands of years and dot the deserts and plains of the Middle East and North Africa are, in many cases, so large that only a bird's-eye view can reveal their intricate archaeological secrets: gorgeous and mysterious geometric shapes resembling a range of objects, from field gates, to kites, to pendants, to wheels. These are the "Works of the Old Men," according to the Bedouin when first questioned in the 1920s. And although ancient peoples evidently had their reasons for constructing these stone structures, their purpose has remained relatively opaque to archaeologists today. I have been studying these Works for two decades, and their inaccessibility has made these sites' purposes even more elusive. That's where satellite imagery (used by Google Earth) and aerial reconnaissance, which involves much lower-flying aircraft) come in.

Link to our source of information is here;

In the past few weeks, a huge opportunity opened up in this field after Live Science published an article about my research, sparking a deluge of international media coverage. Ultimately, I was invited to visit the country that has been least open to any form of aerial surveys, or even to archival aerial images: Saudi Arabia. Last month, they lifted this veil of sorts and allowed me to fly over the country's vast array of archaeological sites for the first time.

Windows from Google Earth.
Between the last years of World War I and roughly the early 1950s, some aerial archaeology was carried out in the countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) that were ruled or controlled by Britain and France. Most famously, these archaeologists included Antoine Poidebard in Syria, Sir Aurel Stein in Iraq and Transjordan, and Jean Baradez in Algeria. Then, it ended as these countries achieved independence, and except by Israel from time to time, no further aerial reconnaissance for archaeology was carried out, and access even to archival aerial photographs in every MENA country was rarely possible.

For half a century, archaeologists working in this extensive region, with its rich heritage, had to do so without the benefit of the single most important tool for prospection, recording and monitoring, much less the valuable perspective the aerial view revealed. That situation began to change in 1995, when President Bill Clinton ordered the declassification of old CIA satellite imagery.

But things changed more rapidly about a decade ago, when the far superior Google Earth's (and, to a degree, Bing Maps') seamless photomap of the entire globe became available. Initially, there were few "windows" of high-resolution imagery displayed for any of these countries, but by 2008, there were enough for archaeologists to use regularly, and increasingly easily. At a stroke, one strand of remote sensing was democratized:

Anyone, anywhere with a computer and internet connection could traverse previously hidden landscapes on a photomap and see places perhaps long known to the local inhabitants but never formally defined and recorded in the databases of the national antiquities authorities. Into this space stepped a group of interested and talented amateurs for one of the countries for which aerial photographs had never been generally available: the 770,000 square miles (2 million square kilometers) of Saudi Arabia.

Abdullah al-Sa'eed, a medical doctor, and colleagues of what they called The Desert Team, based in Riyadh, began to explore, via Google Earth, the huge lava field of western Saudi Arabia, called the Harret Khaybar. Then, they visited a variety of sites on the ground that they had discovered through the satellite imagery. In 2008 Dr al-Sa’eed contacted me and we collaborated on an article.

The gate shown in this photograph is the fifth largest of the gates documented so far. It is 1,224 by 262 feet (373 by 80 meters) in size. Credit: Courtesy APAAME, APAAME_20171027_DLK-0465

Since al-Sa'eed and I published our findings about the stone structures of Harret Khaybar, I have published several articles on the archaeological remains in these lava fields of Arabia as a whole. There are immense numbers of them (at least hundreds of thousands), and each one can be huge (hundreds of metres across). Often, they are enigmatic, as there is no consensus on the purpose of several types of these structures.

And they are almost entirely unrecorded and barely acknowledged; the extensive archaeological landscapes were first reported in the 1920s (for Jordan and Syria), but only now are they coming into sharp focus in terms of scale and significance. Although these stone structures are found extensively in the northernmost harrat — the Harret al-Shaam, stretching from southern Syria across the Jordanian Panhandle and into Saudi Arabia — they appear in equally large numbers in most of the harrat stretching down the west coast of the Arabian Peninsula.

It is those harrat in Saudi Arabia that have attracted much recent attention, in part because of their unfamiliarity and the astonishing numbers and types of sites that have emerged, some quite different from those long known in Jordan. [See Photos of Wheel-Shaped Stone Structures in the Middle East] My own research on Saudi Arabia since 2009 has focused on a group of harrat in the northwest of the country, where I discovered a high-resolution "window" of pendants, wheels and cairns in the Harret Rahat, northeast of Jeddah; 917 kites in the Harret Khaybar; almost 400 gates, largely in the Harret Khaybar area; and a variety of site types found in various lava fields.

All of these discoveries were made using the imagery of Google Earth (with occasional supplements from Bing Maps). The need for aerial reconnaissance The number of high-resolution "windows" on Google Earth has increased rapidly, especially since the launch of the Landsat 8 satellite in February 2013. These virtual "windows" are marvelous tools for fulfilling the traditional roles of conventional aerial reconnaissance, which has led many to pose a question: Why do we need aerial reconnaissance now that we have free access to the satellite imagery of Google Earth?

Of course, Google Earth will remain a useful tool for prospection; it is simple to "pin" and catalog sites, measure them, sketch them and generate distribution maps for interpretation. The limitations are equally obvious, however. The imagery is two-dimensional, and even the best resolution can be very fuzzy when enlarged. Detail is missing, and some sites are effectively invisible for various reasons. And imagery may be months, or even years, old and thus less valuable for routine monitoring of development.

In this Google Earth satellite image, a triangle can be seen pointing to a bullseye, with a row of cairns connecting the triangle to the bullseye. Credit: Google Earth

In short, traditional low-level and usually oblique aerial photography continues to have several advantages and uses: It is immediate, if there is a regular flying program; it can be timed to maximize solar and climatic conditions; the oblique view provides an extra dimension to the "flatness" of Google Earth; the high-quality camera photograph from a low altitude reveals details of structures not visible on Google Earth; and with a helicopter as the platform, it is possible to land and obtain ground data immediately for sites that may otherwise be too remote for easy access.

A triangle-shaped stone structure is seen pointing toward a bullseye. Credit: Courtesy APAAME, APAAME_20171029_DLK-700

This last point is important: As has always been the case, it is vital that aerial reconnaissance (and interpretation of satellite imagery) be paired with as much ground inspection as possible. Ideally, all three techniques (aerial surveys, satellite imagery and ground inspection) would be used. In recent years, that ideal situation has been possible in just one MENA country — Jordan — thanks to generous support from its government and from the nonprofit Packard Humanities Institute, which is dedicated partly to archaeology.

Since 1997, aerial photos have been taken as part of my project called Aerial Archaeology in Jordan (AAJ), and over 100,000 aerial photographs have been made available for research in an archive established in 1978. A game-changer in my research happened when the interest sparked by the Live Science article led to my invitation to study these structures in one region of – till now, the least open of these Middle Eastern countries, regarding reconnaissance.

 Aerial archaeology in Saudi Arabia Some of Saudi Arabia's neighbours looked for archaeological sites with aerial reconnaissance before World War II, but even aerial photographs from surveys of this immense kingdom were almost entirely unavailable. Of course, archaeologists knew the kingdom was home to high-profile sites as well as great cemeteries of thousands of tumuli. As Google Earth has opened a new and extensive area for research, it has indirectly helped to spark a trial season of aerial reconnaissance for archaeology.

There is now the possibility that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia will become the second MENA country to support a regular program of aerial archaeology to find, record, monitor and research the hundreds of thousands of sites in the country. [25 Strangest Sights on Google Earth] On Oct. 17, Live Science published an article describing a highly unusual type of site – called gates in the Harret Khaybar area, that my colleagues and I had systematically catalogued and mapped and were to publish in the scientific literature in November.

That sparked immediate and extensive international media coverage, including features in The New York Times, Newsweek and the National Geographic Education Blog. Four days after the article was published on Live Science, I got an invitation from publication from the Royal Commission for Al-Ula, in northwest Saudi Arabia, to visit that town.

The Al-Ula oasis is famous for hosting the remains of a succession of early cultures and more recent civilisations, all strewn thickly among its 2 million-plus date palms. As a Roman archaeologist, I had known this oasis for over 40 years as the location of Madain Salih, Al-Hijr — ancient Hegra, a world-class Nabataean site adopted by UNESCO. The expansive area includes thousands of rock-cut tombs and graves — most notably, scores of monumental tombs cut into the rock outcrops of the plain and evoking those of the capital, Petra, about 300 miles (500 kilometers) to the north. After the Roman annexation of the Nabataean kingdom in A.D. 106, a garrison was installed. Some of thesetrooops left their names and units in Latin, as graffiti on a rock outcrop.

More recently, a Saudi-French archaeological team recovered a monumental Latin inscription recording construction around A.D. 175 to 177 under Emperor Marcus Aurelius, as well as part of the defences and barracks of the Roman fort inserted into the town. Not far off are the ruins of the city of Dedan, mentioned in the Hebrew Bible and the remarkable "library" of monumental Lihyanite inscriptions and art carved onto rocks and the cliff face. However, the objective of my visit lay in the lava fields in the wider region.

Helicopter flights could give access to the extensive Harret Uwayrid (and contiguous Harret Raha) to the west, stretching some 77 miles (125 km) and rising to an elevation of about 6,300 feet (1,920 meters), much of which could be viewed only from the air. The most recent volcanic eruption occurred in A.D. 640, but the hundreds of sites I had already "pinned" there on Google Earth were evidently far older, most likely prehistoric and a component of the "Works of the Old Men" that I'd encountered in other harrat. We were also able to fly over the Harret Khaybar and view not just the gate structures but also the kites, pendants, keyholes and much more we had seen on the Google Earth imagery.

Four days after the invitation from the Royal Commission, my colleague Don Boyer, a geologist who now works in archaeology, and I were on our way to Riyadh. Almost immediately, on Oct. 27 to Oct. 29, we began three days of flying in the helicopter of the Royal Commission. In total, we flew for 15 hours and took almost 6,000 photographs of about 200 sites of all kinds — but mainly the stone structures in the two harrat. Though we didn't have much notice, Boyer and I spent three days before our visit looking over the sites we had "pinned" and catalogued using Google Earth over several years.

We then, relatively easily, planned where we wanted to fly in order to capture several thousand structures in these two lava fields. Our helicopter survey was probably the first systematic aerial reconnaissance for archaeology ever carried out in Saudi Arabia. It was possible only because of the publication of the Live Science feature article describing my research on the gate structures, and the resulting international media coverage, which caught the attention of the Royal Commission.

The latter is significant: Several recent interviews and feature articles in the international media have highlighted the drive of the young Crown Prince to open up his country to development and innovation. The Royal Commission for the city of Al-Ula, an internationally important cultural center for the region that boasts world-class archaeological sites, is one element of this openness.

Development is likely to be rapid, and the commission is open to engaging with international experts in its wider project to find, document and interpret the hundreds of thousands of surviving sites. Collaboration with local inhabitants, who know of even the more remote sites, and local archaeologists will be vital to this effort.

Happily, on our flights, we were accompanied by Eid al-Yahya, an archaeologidst, author and expert of Arab culture, who has traversed swaths of these harsh but archaeologically rich landscapes over 30-plus years and has explored many individual sites. Even just the archaeological component of this grand project of the commission comprises several components.

One component — and, arguably, one of the most pressing — is to help the commission understand its wider heritage record: where and what, and then when and why. Because the area is so immense — encompassing some 10,000 square miles, or 27,000 square km — this is a task for remote sensing. This method will be combined with several techniques: the interpretation of Google Earth imagery systematically, the cataloging of the sites located, complementary low-level aerial reconnaissance and photography, and associated ground investigation. We have been interpreting Google Earth imagery for some years. The ground investigation, by contrast, is in its infancy.

The aerial reconnaissance part has made a good start over the past few weeks and deserves to be pursued urgently. Based on the 20 years of aerial archaeology research we have conducted in Jordan, my co-director Dr. Robert Bewley and our team can offer our expertise for this last task. A successful systematic program of aerial archaeology in the Al-Ula region could provide valuable lessons and establish best practices for the far larger task of mapping the archaeology of Saudi Arabia, and those efforts may be assisted by partnerships with the Endangered Archaeology in the Middle East and North Africa project at Oxford University. Original article on Live Science.

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