A Google image of Adam's Bridge or Ram Sethu.

The man made bridge in India called Adam's Bridge or Ram Sethu.

Dr Badrinarayanan was former director of the Geological Survey of India. He was also former coordinator of the survey division of the National Institute of Ocean Technology, Ministry of Earth Science, in Chennai.

As a geologist who has done studies on the geological aspects of the area where Sethu Samudram Canal Project is being undertaken, Dr.Badrinarayanan puts forth some interesting findings on the area in an interview to Shobha Warrier.

As a geologist, how do you describe Ram Sethu? Is it a man-made structure or natural formation?
  • It is not a natural formation; the top portion of it appears to be a man-made structure.

To understand what I am saying from the geological point of view, you have to get to know several things. What is known as Adam's Bridge is originally a natural grade divide separating the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean to the south. So, the geological aspects are different on either side.

About 18,000 years ago, we had Ice age when the sea level was lower by 130 metres than what it is now. Due to de-glaciation, the sea level rose. Around 7,300 years back, there was major flooding and the sea level rose to 4 metres more than what it is today. This has been verified by several researchers throughout the world. But the bridge that connects India and Sri Lanka is different; it is not just a sand dune. Have studies been done on this particular phenomenon? We (Geological Survey of India) were asked to carry out surveys for locating the Sethu Samudram Canal project by the project authorities in 2004-05. Any startling revelations?

When we reached near Adam's Bridge, there was sudden rise in the land level. From about 10-12 metre, it rose one metre to half a metre. So, our vessel could not go and survey the area. In some areas, we did survey using small boats. The northern side of Adam's Bridge is the rough Palk Bay, which is prone to periodic cyclonic storms, and the tranquil southern side is the Gulf of Mannar, which is unpolluted and pristine. Corals grew in the tranquil Gulf of Mannar but not in the turbulent Palk Bay as they grow only in tranquil waters. There are about 21 islands full of corals in the Gulf of Mannar side but not even a single coral on the northern side of Adam's Bridge.

I would say no proper geological survey was done in the area. Normally before any major engineering project, GSI conducts engineering geological study, geological study, geo tectonic study, seismic study, etc so that we will know whether the project is safe or not. You mean no such studies were done before this project? Earlier, GSI had done some drilling but only at the deeper level of about 180-200 metres, but they have not mentioned anything about what was happening at the top portion. We did a study from NIOT on our own connecting between Rameswaram and the international waters.

We did around 10 bore holes along the Adam's Bridge alignment. Four of the bore holes were along the islands (where sands go on shifting) and six in the water. Everywhere, after top 6 metres, we found marine sands on top and below that was a mixed assemblage of corals, calcareous sand stones, and boulder like materials. Surprisingly below that up to 4-5 metres, again we found loose sand and after that, hard formations were there. How do you explain the presence of loose sand? It shows the structure is not natural. I will explain. Corals are found only on rocks and such hard surfaces. Here, below the corals and boulders, we are getting loose sand, which means it is not natural. And, on top of the loose sand, which was formed when the sea level was low, our divers found boulders. Boulders normally occur on land and they are a typical riverine character.

Does that mean the boulders were brought there from somewhere? That is exactly what I am saying. The boulders are not in-situ. They are not a marine local formation. We feel somebody dumped the boulders to use it as a causeway. The boulders on top of the loose sand are transported to that place. As they are found above loose sand, it is quite obvious that they were brought and dumped there by somebody. How old were the boulders? I told you earlier that 7,300 years ago, sea level was 4 metres above what it is today. In Rameswaram, Pamban, Tuticorin, etc, we see old corals on the land, and they are not raised by any geological process. It happened because sea level was higher (at the time they were formed). We did dating on them and found that they are 7,300 years old. From 7,300 to 5,800 years ago, the sea level was high. From 5,800 to 5,400 years ago, the sea level was low. Again, from 5,400 to 4,000, the sea level was higher by 2 metres than what it is today.

That is why we are getting two sets of corals at two levels. Dr P K Bannerji has carried out a lot of studies on the raised corals and his papers have appeared in reputed international scientific journals. His arguments are backed by very good scientific data. So, either between 5,800 to 5,400 years ago, or (some time since) 4,000 years ago, somebody appeared to have brought all the boulders and dumped them there. All the aerial pictures show that Adam's Bridge is 2 to 3 kilometres wide. On the eastern side, it is high. So, anyone could take advantage of the raised portion and must have dumped these boulders so that he could cross the bridge. How do the boulders look, and from what were they made? The shape of the boulders and the type of material clearly indicate that this is a man-made structure. We saw similar rocks on Rameswaram islands and also in Pamban. On either side of the railway bridge, you can see these formations as well as the raised corals. There are indications of quarrying also there. All these things lead us to believe that 2 to 2.5 metres of packed rubble or material appears to be a modern day causeway. For 30 km, nobody dumps materials like that. Obviously, it was dumped to use it to cross the sea. Moreover, they are compact and light.

It is also quite obvious that the boulders were used to cross over because in all the bore holes we made in the entire stretch of Adam's Bridge, we saw the same material. It appears like a rock-filled structure. If it is a geological phenomenon, you will find the oldest formation below and the newer ones on top. I would rather call it an anthropogenic (pertaining to the effect of human beings on the natural world) causeway rather than a bridge. What else have you learnt from the studies you have conducted along Ram Sethu? We have found that geologically and geotectonically, this area is very sensitive. Many people are not aware of it. All around the north, there are spots where there is very high temperature below. When we drilled, we encountered hot springs of 60 to 70 degrees Celsius. Whenever there are earthquakes in Sri Lanka, we get the vibrations in the Indian side also. That means a major fault is running there and it is very sensitive. This area is also known to have earth quakes and they had happened one or two centuries back. To the north and the south, there are indications of old volcanoes. Because of these hot springs and presence of volcanic zones, do you feel if disturbed, it will affect the equilibrium of the entire area? What you said is correct. That is why, before venturing into anything, you have to make a comprehensive study. This area has attained some sort of equilibrium over many centuries, and all the drilling and blasting of rocks may activate the fault and may trigger seismic activity or earth quakes. It may also trigger other events, which may be very detrimental. That is because the hot water from the north, which is blocked by the Adam's Bridge, will come to the south and will disturb the coral islands. The result will be the destruction of the corals. Not only that, whenever there is a major tsunami or cyclones in the Bay of Bengal, it is blocked by the so called bridge. Out of 18 depressions in the Bay of Bengal at least six turn into cyclones.

The tsunami expert Dr Tad S Murty, said that if not for the bridge, the entire southern part of Kerala would have been affected badly. Yes, it would have completely affected the entire south India. We were the people who suggested it. We had done a study, of course not knowing tsunami is coming, and felt the structure will prevent the Tuticorin area, the southern part of Kerala and all the coral islands from getting affected. The calm tranquil water in the Gulf of Mannar full of coral islands is because it is protected all around. Why do you want to destroy it when nature has blessed you with something so beautiful? This is the first declared marine national park in the country. Another point I want to make is, some dams trigger earth quakes. There is a possibility it can happen here also. So, it is prudent on part of the government to study all these aspects before taking a major decision. Do you feel the construction of Sethu Samudram project was initiated in a hurry without conducting proper study? I think so. This portion is not like any sand dune. This is a very sensitive heat flowing area. I feel the Geological Survey of India should be asked to do a survey. Was the Geological Survey of India not asked to do a study on this project? No. Nobody has carried out any survey at all. We only did a survey to locate the alignment. So, but what is needed is a comprehensive study. What has been formed over centuries by nature cannot be disturbed. In foreign countries, even a hundred-year-old structure is preserved and this looks like it is thousands of years old. No doubt such a canal is essential but not at the cost of nature. We are definitely for progress but our progress should be sustainable.

What do you think about this story guys? Is it wishful thinking or is it just a natural phenomenon at play? Are we being tricked by a mother nature that is playing games and making us believe that nature is not capable of being intelligent? Let it be known that the natural processes of life and the big bang gave birth to everything so to think that nature isn't capable of doing something so spectacular like building a land bridge, well think again my friends because the world came about by way of intelligent formations and intelligent cohesion of all the elements and everything you see now, today!

Just look at this image below, if you saw that on another planet you would instantly think OMG there's intelligent life on another planet that made this? Well infact it's nature! It's natural.

Here's another stunning image;

Abstract pattern is ubiquitous throughout the living realm. This image of radiolarian shells is taken from Plate 31 of Ernst Haeckel’s Kunstformen der Natur (Artforms of Nature),1904.


The X Files TV Show was a long running success because it provoked heated debates about what we secretly think about anyways but in public and on TV! Most people have a belief one way or another about Aliens and this is why the show took off in a spectacular way! It spanned 9 seasons and a whopping 202 awesome episodes.

Did you know that the main reason for bringing the show to TV was the stupendous and maybe a little exaggerated but nonetheless amazing and (unsubstantiated) rumours of around 3 MILLION Alien abductions which had taken place worldwide?

Mulder and Scully from TV show X Files.
  • Also there was a TV show in the 1970's called Kolchak; The Night Stalker which was a show about a reporter in cold Chicago who was tasked to investigate different stories. In the course of his investigations, Kolchak would uncover facts that involved the supernatural. Starring Darren McGavin as Carl Kolchak, the series ran for more or less six months. Did you know that Entertainment Weekly called the awesome X Files "A GONER"?
How short sighted were they? In fact The Amazing X Files has just done a brand new series! They brought it back in 2016 for season 10 with the 1st episode called "My struggle. Right now in 2018 it's brought out season 11.

Were up to episode 6, Kitten. Even though rumors are abound that David Duchovny won't be doing another season, never say never because isn't that what the self confessed sex addict said before?
  • Actors only need a big enough carrot dangled in front of them in other words?
Here's a few amazing and cool facts about the cult classic TV show, which came to dominate the TV airwaves (as it were) pretty much throughout the 1990's and early 2000's;


The cigarette smoking man from The X Files
The cigarette smoking man look's very menacing and obviously "The man"

Over the years, its following grew until it eventually became a cult favorite. Its passionate fanbase allowed the show to explore different topics, conspiracy theories, and other issues that involved the United States government and extraterrestrials.

I want to believe Alien poster


Anderson’s character Scully was a skeptic, while Duchovny’s Mulder is a believer. In real life, however, it is the actor who is the skeptic. When interviewed on The Late Late Show With James Corden, Duchovny said that his fan mail had letters from people who told stories about alien abduction and this made him sad. “I thought that these people had issues that they had to deal with.” In Mulder’s office, there is a poster that says “I Want to Believe.”

The original version of the poster was supposedly bought in 1992. Over the years or seasons Mulder would replace the posters with different ones, but always with the same text.


Carter said that after reading a report revealing stories of people who were abducted by aliens, he thought of making the show. According to the report, the number of people who claimed to have been kidnapped by aliens totaled to more or less 3.7 million.

Anyways, what was your favourite X Files episode(s) and did any of the episodes influence you in your beliefs now just like it did here at UFO Sightings Footage? It influenced some of us big time because our age is such that the 1990's were our main influences from that eras TV which of course, you can't mention the 90's TV shows without mentioning The X Files can you? Of course not!

We wasn't around for Kolchak, The Night Stalker but we expect it was fine and all good but still in our eye's, nothing can and nothing ever will, beat The X Files! What are your favourite X Files episodes and what's your all time best quotes and facts? You've seen and read ours now c'mon tell us yours? 👽💀👻👹


A man with long white hair and a black suit, with a tie, is called Chris Carter creator of The X Files TV Show about Aliens and UFOs
Chris Carter the creator of The X Files TV Show about the Alien and UFO phenomenon which premiered on the 10th of September 1993 and lasted until the 19th of May, 2002.
#5.1 Christopher Carl Carter (born October 13, 1956) is an American television and film producer, director and writer. Born in Bellflower, California.

#5.2 Carter graduated with a degree in journalism from California State University, Long Beach before spending thirteen years working for Surfing Magazine.

#5.3 After beginning his television career working on television films for Walt Disney Studios, Carter rose to fame in the early 1990s after creating the science fiction-supernatural television series The X-Files for the Fox network. The X-Files earned high viewership ratings, and led to Carter's being able to negotiate the creation of future series.

#5.4 Carter has his own television production company, Ten Thirteen Productions, wherein he went on to create three more series for the network;

Millennium, a doomsday-themed series which met with critical approval and low viewer numbers;

Harsh Realm, which was canceled after three episodes had aired;

The Lone Gunmen, a spin-off of The X-Files which lasted for a single season.

Carter's film roles include writing both of The X-Files' cinematic spin-offs—1998's successful The X-Files and the poorly received 2008 follow-up The X-Files: I Want to Believe, the latter of which he also directed—while his television credits have earned him several accolades including eight Primetime Emmy Award nominations.

The Amazon Studios television series "The After" was his most recent series.

The link to the Wikipedia X Files TV Show's page for more fascinating facts can be found right here.
Our inspiration for this was learned here.

Astronaut Unwittingly Shared Image Of Cigar Shape UFO

Firstly this happened in 2015 on day 233 spent in space at 11:56pm on November 15 over Southern India, around 200 miles up. It doesn't matter when you get round to this stuff because as anyone can appreciate - that you can't be in "every place" at the same time or right time or even know about everything instantly as it happens, can you? The answer is no! 

So this is relevant now, it's relevant in 2 years and 20 years. It's a great piece of information. In 20 years time though, Aliens will of already been approved for visiting our Earth.

The "metallic, glowing, cigar UFO" below looks very, very similar to the one that was captured (in an image only) by Chinese officials in July 2010 over an airport? It could literally be the twin or 1st brother or sister of the UFO?
I am inclined to believe that these are one and the same UFO, separated by only 5 years? What if it is the same, has it been doing for 5 years?
Scott Kelly tweeted an image of a UFO from space.

But what you can do, is not give up or be put off that you never got to it at the very time of it happening, especially if the UFO sighting only gets picked up on - maybe days even months after it happened?
As long as it gets bagged and tagged in your "own" research and that's what this is, it's "our own research" let's not forget? I'm not working to compiling this stuff for anyone other than our own personal records for our own personal journey! If this research can help you in any way shape or form then this is a good thing because it help's us understand the Ufology phenomenon just that little bit more as you can appreciate?
Scott Kelly tweeted an image of a UFO from space.

Scott Kelly is the most accomplished US Astronaut - with the most amount of time spent in space. He always likes to tweet a goodnight photo to his many, many Twitter followers only this one did a full 360 and caught an actual UFO as you can see it's right there in the upper right corner, (above) with lights on it and it's in the distinctive cigar shape!

Chinese officials were forced to shut down Hangzhou’s international airport in July of 2010 at 9pm because of an unidentified aircraft or UFO for short. Notably, as you’ll see from the picture below, the craft was cigar shaped with lights on both sides. Obviously this one was way before the one that Astronaut Scott Kelly tweeted, but this does prove that cigar shaped UFOs with lights on both ends are out there? Is this the same one, who knows?

ABC News was quick to break this story and the Chinese authorities were quicker to deny everything and said it was still under investigation? Whether it is still is or not, well we don't quite know the outcome as all the roads leading to this are pretty much down!

Scott Kelly tweeted an image of a UFO from space.

Here is specifications;
Arcing over Zhejiang's provincial capital Hangzhou, the UFO appeared to glow with an eerie white light and left a bright trail in its wake. Xiaoshan Airport was closed after the UFO was detected at around 9 pm and dozens of flights had to be diverted.

Scott Kelly tweeted an image of a UFO from space.

Scott Kelly tweeted an image of a UFO from space.

So no matter how you look at this, cigar shaped UFOs are here to stay and you might be forgiven in thinking that cigar shaped UFOs were a relatively new phenomenon? But you'd be wrong, very wrong indeed! As far back as people have been painting and depicting fiery chariots raining down from the skies there's been cigar shaped UFOs.

Here is a few images of other cigar shaped UFOs for you to wrap your head around? Thank you so much for checking out UFO Sightings Footage and please if you can, check us out on YouTube the link is here.

Cigar shaped ufos in history

Cigar shaped ufos in history

Ancient cigar ufos

Ancient cigar ufos

Alien Spaceship Is Seen Docked At The ISS International Space Station On LIVE CAM FEED

NASA is always looking for excuses? It doesn't matter if it's reasons to go here there and anywhere or congress for funding? It doesn't even matter if it's looking for reasons to not do things?

It's always angling and that is why I never trust NASA just because of it's own innate (what seems) behaviour?

A Ufo is at the iss.

They always seem to be doing things for other reasons? Like bankrupting the USSR or faking spacewalks and using CGI (they actually got publicly caught using fake models and miniature - versions of the Moon, ISS astronauts).

That video is found here on our YouTube channel. OMG I've just been to get the video but surprise, surprise it's GONE! I did that video not that long ago only a few months ago but yet it's totally gone?

This is all I could find relating to news anchor NASA? What is going on? That's very strange? Leave it with us and we will have to check this out?

Shocking Photographs Of Woman Weighing Just Two Stone After Granddad Starved Her

What the hell is this so-called Grandad thinking? This is what it's like to be starved? OMG! Have you ever seen anything more tragic? Is this pratt in prison? I hope personally that he get's bread and water for the full entirety of the prison sentence because I say this as I honestly can't picture anything else than a prison sentence? Can you? 10 yrs.

If I was a judge, I would give a minimum of 10 yrs. To be given bread and water for the full sentence and none of that rubbish of halving the sentence like here in Britain. So here's the full description and images, be warned very graphic. Read also below the woman who deliberately starves herself and hasn't eaten in weeks? The self proclaimed human Barbie that want's to live on fresh air, light and love ALONE! Is she crazy, nuts or just plain insane?

Image of the starved woman.

The Japanese woman is only known by her Twitter handle ‘Wild Cabbage’ and she said she decided to share the pictures to encourage any women suffering from similar abuse or eating disorders to try and get help before it’s too late.

I’m not really sure if her situation can be described as an eating disorder though as she says that she was held captive by her grandfather for ten years and he refused to let her eat, punching her in the stomach and making her vomit if he ever caught her. Not really sure what his motivation for that was – it seems like a completely bizarre form of torture, especially for your own grandchild – but nevertheless you can tell by the photographs that he did it. Eventually the woman was rescued by authorities, and was apparently ten minutes from death at this point.

What a sad sight? But the one below is a better one of her.

This is the starved woman before her ordeal.

You’ll be pleased to hear that despite looking like this, Wild Cabbage has made a full recovery to a healthy size and weight now, as you can see in the pictures below.

She hasn’t said what happened to her grandfather at this point in time but I hope that the guy is in jail for his part in treating her like this. Absolutely disgusting behaviour. Link to the post;

I'm so glad to say that the woman is doing really good and living a great life. That's why i'm doing this post, to show how bad human's can be but how from such tragedies can come a glimmer of light which turn's in to a whole rope of hope!

Below is a woman who deliberately starves herself with varying results? Is she nuts or has she done a good job, the jury is out on this one?

Here’s what Valeriya Lukyanova has to say for herself: “In recent weeks (UFO Sightings Footage is taking from this, that she hasn't eaten in week's OMG!) I have not been hungry at all… I’m hoping it’s the final stage before I can subsist on air and light alone”. To keep her waist as ridiculously thin as it is she probably only ate dust and twigs before this, so I guess it’s not much of a change for her.

Please don't ever turn out like this because it's a dangerous thing and it's a very bad strain on all your organs ESPECIALLY the brain!
She’s not the only person to have ever tried this before. It’s called Breatharianism, and these people reckon they can live without eating or drinking anything. They survive off hippy-chakra-xen-energy or whatever. It's obviously stupid, it's dangerous and not sexy at all! I suppose some would question that? Link to the post;

Popular Post's

Popular Post's All time