Is there going to be a Geomagnetic Pole Shift in the near future

Geomagnetic pole shift is overdue

A group of researchers have studied ancient volcanic rocks to conclude that Earth's magnetic field is a long time away from "flipping" even if the magnetic field intensity is reducing fairly fast. This is because Earth's current magnetic field intensity is double the long term average and it will take many thousand years for the poles to "flip" again. A fast approaching magnetic pole shift is a mainstay in many conspiracy theories. We literally have hundreds of websites and thousands of YouTube videos announcing the impending arrival of the dreaded pole shift and describing the wholesale destruction that will follow. Link to the best video here.


While the timing is pure guesswork, what these conspiracies may at least be partially right about is the consequences of such an event. A geomagnetic pole shift is a process which will drastically weaken the Earth's magnetic field for a considerable period of time. During this time, X-ray flares and other forms of concentrated solar radiation will reach the Earth's surface and play havoc with all things electric.

Magnetic, geomagnetic pole shifts.

A pole shift could potentially destroy every electric instrument on Earth. From the global energy grid, to medical equipment and household appliances, everything is extremely vulnerable in such a scenario. Additionally, contact with such high levels of solar radiation could significantly increase the incidence of cancer worldwide and it could actually mutate the genome of every living thing on our planet.

Polar shift theory

However, a group of researchers from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California at San Diego and MIT’s Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, led by Huapei Wang, an MIT postdoc, have studied Earth’s average, stable field intensity over the last 5 million years and found that the current magnetic field intensity is still twice the long-term average. This has led them to infer that a geomagnetic pole shift event is not in the offing in the near future and could potentially be thousands of years away.

NASA say that the Earth is going to experience a full pole shift

Follow this link to a post that says NASA is saying there's going to experience a full POLE SHIFT?



Studying the history of pole shifts

Earth has experienced multiple pole shifts throughout its history with the last one having occurred approximately 786 000 years ago. “Sometimes you won’t have a flip for about 40 million years; other times there will be 10 flips in 1 million years,” Wang says. “On average, the duration between two flips is a few hundred thousand years. The last flip was around 780 000 years ago, so we are actually overdue for a flip.”

The most telling sign of a pole shift is a geomagnetic field intensity which is significantly below its long term average. Scientists have been able to accurately record Earth's geomagnetic field intensity for the last 200 years using ground stations and satellites . However, the same cannot be said about older time periods going back a few million years. Data associated with these time periods remains sketchy and can be described as estimations at best. The group of researchers led by Wang, used two sites to collect volcanic rocks.

Since Earth's geomagnetic field is considered to be a "dipole", the field intensity is supposed to be identical at both poles and around half at the equator. Utilizing this concept, Wang and his colleagues collected ancient volcanic rocks from two different sites, one at the equator and the other at the south pole. Using ancient volcanic rocks to study our magnetic field Wang and his team from MIT obtained pre-historic volcanic rock from the Galapagos islands at the equator while the second team belonging to the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California at San Diego, collected equally old volcanic rocks from Antarctica.

Volcanic rocks are known to store details about geomagnetic field intensity when the lava firsts cools down and transforms into rock. Once both teams had collected the rocks and transported them to their respective laboratories, the rocks' natural remnant magnetization was carefully measured. Then the rocks were heated and subsequently cooled in the presence of a known magnetic field. This was done to measure the rocks' current magnetization after cooling.



A rock's remnant magnetization is always proportional to the magnetic field in which the cooling takes place. Using the data so collected, the researchers were able to calculate the peak of the ancient geomagnetic field intensity at both the equator (15 microtesla) and at the poles (30 microtesla). They also found that current field intensities at both the locations were around 30 microtesla at the equator and roughly 60 microtesla at the poles.

Since the current field intensity was found to be at least double the long term average, the researchers concluded that the Earth's geomagnetic field intensity is comfortably high, even though it may have started reducing recently. “That means today’s value is anomalously high, and even if it’s dropping, it’s dropping to a long-term average, not from an average to zero,” Wang says.


A Pole shift is far far away Independent of the latest findings, a number of scientists have been proclaiming that Earth's geomagnetic field intensity is falling rapidly and that a pole shift is quite overdue. Wang blames this on false interpretation of data. So far, scientists have collected geomagnetic field data from individual grains of rocks and they simply assumed that the field intensity of the individual grain matches that of the entire rock.

Wang has pointed out that this method is grossly incorrect beyond a certain size as in larger grains, unpaired electron spins assume various orientations in different domains of the grain, thereby complicating the field intensity picture. Wang has developed a technique to correct such common distortions and has applied this technique to the Galapagos rocks collected by his team. The resulting data is much more accurate than earlier instances according to Wang. When asked to predict the date for the next pole shift, Wang remains noncommittal.

“What I can say is, if you keep a constant present-day decrease rate, it will take another 1 000 years for the field to drop to its long-term average,” Wang says. “From there, the field intensity may go up again. There’s really no way to predict what will happen after that, given the random nature of the magnetohydrodynamic process of the geodynamo.”

According to John Tarduno, a professor of geophysics at the University of Rochester, since the current finding suggest that the Earth's geomagnetic field intensity is much higher than the long-term average, scientists may have to reconsider their current understanding of the variables that affect Earth's magnetic field. “They’re talking changes on much shorter timescales a million years or less and big changes in the dipole components of the magnetic fields,” Tarduno says. “That’s actually a challenging idea. If it’s correct, that really makes us have to think differently about the dynamo and how those changes could actually happen.”

3 Photos Taken of a UFO during Michigan Plane Flight

UFO seen from a plane!
It was Sunday, 19 of August, 2012. I decided to take my aunt and her husband to do a cross country on the Cherokee Archer II, from Oakland County International Airport, MI to Huron County Memorial Airport, also in Michigan. The duration of the flight is around 2 hours or so.



My aunt who is in the back of the plane shot a picture during the run-up and says: "I think I just shot a picture of an UFO." Her husband and I look to each other and I said I would take a look at it later at home. I was paying attention in doing the run-up and flying the plane. During the whole flight she took pictures, and when I got home I went to look at the pictures. We end up with 3 pictures of the object. As soon as I saw it, I said to myself, "It is a UFO; it was cylinder in shape and followed us through the whole flight.
Airplane encounters a UFO while in the process of taking off and it follows them.

Above you can see it's there when the plane is taking off and then it's seen later on by the same people again, this is a very strange and baffling case if ever there was one?



So why would a UFO be following a civilian airplane? Is it friend or foe?

So why is the UFO seemingly following the airplane? Is it following the airplane or the people on the airplane?

A scary encounter with a real UFO while flying on an airplane.

Whichever it is, this is one creepy and frightening UFO encounter because seeing this thing while your in the air must give you a really bad feeling of impending doom? It's baffling aright!



Three Photographs Taken of UFO during Michigan Plane Flight
Published: 1:23 PM 3/14/2013
Waterford, Michigan - 08-19-12

Cigar Shaped UFO Flies Right Into A Volcano!

Cigar Shaped UFO Flies Right Into A Volcano!


It is very clear that a cigar-shaped object dived into the active volcano and this object was not a small one but a relatively large one as can be seen in the footage. Sceptics may argue that this was some stone or ash coming out of the volcano is totally unfounded as it can be clearly seen that this object is diving into the volcano. This is not the first time that UFOs were observed near active volcanoes, there are other instances where UFOs of different shapes were seen hovering around the volcanoes. What would this mean?

Cigar Shaped UFO Flies Right Into A Volcano!

This means that these advanced space crafts use heat energy to recharge their crafts. Since these UFOs are made of an advanced material it can absorb the heat of the molten lava without any damage to their craft. This is a very advanced technology they are using and it has been observed by the Hubble telescope a ginormous triangular shaped UFO coming out from the sun's plasma and in one picture/video it is very clear that this UFO which was near the surface of the sun sucking up a stream of plasma from the sun.

Cigar Shaped UFO Flies Right Into A Volcano!

This is a fantastic example of an advanced technology which is beyond us at the moment. With this technology space travel will be much easier as no artificial fuel will be required and the space craft can dip into the heat of erupting volcanoes of the planets. No doubt we see these UFOs are present near a heat source like volcanoes here on earth.

Video Of NASA Scientists Admitting To Blurring Out Structures On The Moon

NASA blurring out images just like what they said in the video below?

NASA blurring out images just like what they said in the video below?
It isn't well known that the Governments have been covering up the fact the aliens have bases on the moon. There are many facts, Pictures, videos, satellite images, and testimonies that create hard evidence of this fact. From well known respected scientists, Astronauts, and military personal we gain a pretty defined perspective on this subject.




First we have this video below which is part of the disclosure project that starts off with a women talking to Military personnel about an image from space that has an Unidentified Flying object in it. She asks, "is that a UFO" and he answered, "I'm not allowed to tell you that". Now we know that he could have even said yes because a UFO doesn't stand for some alien ship it simply means an Unidentified Flying object. But he instead says it's privileged information. When she asks what hes going to do with this extraordinary information he replies, "it's procedure to air brush these images out before we release them to the public".


As you can see there's plenty of examples of blurred out or smudged out evidence from the images which NASA has released! I've been trying to locate the actual NASA image numbers so that I can verify they are what they are and that nobody has just added a blur or a smudge for effect? It's hard to find the original images because the images have been published by everyone and their dogs, lol. So finding the original image source is near next to impossible (for me).



NASA blurring out images just like what they said in the video

NASA blurring out images just like what they said in the video

NASA blurring out images just like what they said in the video



NASA blurring out images just like what they said in the video

Crashed UFO In Antarctica Guarded By FOUR TANKS

Here is the final image today regarding this amazing and potentially history changing event as this is a crashed UFO in Antarctica but of the amazing kind.




This is absolutely down to the individual if they believe it or not? It doesn't matter if people think it's real or not? What is good about all this is that it is getting people talking about the Ufology genre and that's a good thing?



Crashed UFO guarded by Tanks in Antarctica.


Crashed UFO guarded by Tanks in Antarctica.




Crashed UFO guarded by Tanks in Antarctica.

There's many conspiracies in Antarctica because the images are so good. They can only be a few things and as a conspiracy theorist who see's anomalies everywhere or people would say i'm a skeptic and I see a crashed UFO what about you?


UFO crashed in Antarctica.




UFO-crashed-in-Antarctica.

Tanks guarding Alien UFO crash site in Antarctica

Closer image of the UFO crash landed in Antarctica.


This is just bizarre and one of the most incredible mysteries to have ever come out of the wilderness of Antarctica? Did you know that Antarctica is classed as a desert because so little water falls there? That's interesting enough but this next segment will blow you away just like it firstly made our collective jaws drop then it blew us all away?



Tank's were actually spotted in what seems to be a formation on guard right next to what can only be described as a downed UFO or guarding a UFO crash site? It looks like nothing we've ever seen in the Antarctica region so it stands out most definitely. It can't be a dislodged rock boulder or a piece of ice because the are it is in is flat!

This is what it could possibly look like, a close up of the UFO crash site? If only we had a close up image of the crash site? That would of been excellent.

Possible UFO crash site in Antarctica this is what it could look like closer up?

It's as flat as a football field. The fact that there's what seems to be an impression leading up to the unidentified object of where it came to rest suggest heavily that this thing was coming in over the Antarctica region at a steep angle? It looks like it flew to Earth and simply crash landed?
  • Firstly, why is there ANY Tanks in Antarctica at all?
  • Secondly, we thought that militaries were forbidden from entering the Antarctica region?
  • Thirdly, who owns the Antarctica region?
  • Is there a military stationed in Antarctica and if so which country is it?
There is a lot more questions that need asking but for now we'll settle with the ones we've just asked? Wasn't there a treaty signed by most major countries that they wouldn't put military equipment in Antarctica? If that is so, somebody has broken that treaty?

Firstly, why is there ANY Tanks in Antarctica at all?

So who was the (Eagle eyed) person that found this awesome and possibly "history changing" evidence of actual real, tangible Aliens? It was actually a guy from Russia. In fact it was Valentin Degterev from the city of Nizhny Tagil in central Russia. He says he found the UGO (unidentified ground object) online using Google Earth.



Fellow researchers have dug out satellite images of the same site, just off Willy Field Road, which were taken in April and December 2011. The channel says it found the pictures which they believe show four tanks in a line facing the strange crack in the snow on Google Earth as if a UFO has skidded to a halt after an emergency landing.

It's interesting to note that other people have actually looked at satellite images from two months before the images with the four Tanks in and guess what? The images from two months earlier STILL shows the UFO with the skid line behind it but no Tanks. AND that for me, as far as i'm concerned is the clincher which has convinced me that this IS THE FIND OF A LIFETIME!

We've done it guys, collectively!

We've found the most significant and historic "new era" and even "new chapter" in life - because of this exceptional find? I maybe talking in profound and words with big meanings but that's because this is more than the smoking gun, or the answer that we (conspiracy theorists) all needed of which we all believed would come? You see, the thing with common sense is that it grounds one and tells me to be cautious but still investigate further? always say and ask the questions on ones mind? One of the questions is this, what happened to this "UFO"?
  • What was the Tanks doing there?
  • Who initially found this and how?
You see it was Valentin Degterev who saw this on Google Earth first and it was he who broke it to the world so i'm asking this:
  • Who was the first person to raise the alarm and alert the authorities?
  • Was it military or civilian?
  • What's happened to it since?
  • What countries military was in the Tanks?
  • Who else knows about this (Government wise?)
  • Where is the tracks from the Tanks?
The satellite image used by Google Earth was taken on February 15 2012.



Close up image of the UFO crash site and the Tanks guarding it in Antarctica.

It doesn't matter however you look at this, it will always say one thing in your mind's? It goes like this, wow that's a UFO and there is four definite looking Tanks guarding it? Can you imagine being the first person to discover this image on Google Earth? If it was me I would be thinking this is just to good to be true? Then it would sink in what i've actually discovered and then I would put it on my website, lol. Well done to Valentin Degterev for finding this history changing discovery!

If ghosts were real, Brian Cox claims CERN would have found them by now - Large Hadron Collider

So we found this post online that basically says that Brian Cox is the best person to ask when you need answers on Ghosts, the Paranormal, Eerie things, Poltergeists and other unseen "weird" forces? Well i'm pretty sure he's a professor at Manchester University and he's so far away from the Paranormal that he's practically the Pangea's continent of the Paranormal world? In other words he's NOT the best person to ask about modern day Paranormal and Ghost related investigation's? It's like asking a car mechanic to tell us why Physics doesn't fit in with the "standard model" of telephone calls from person to person using two tin cans and some string?


Ah sarcasm, my favourite past time since 1978.

The existence of 'spooky' paranormal beings defies the laws of physics.

There are countless conspiracy theories surrounding ghosts and paranormal activity, and while it shouldn't need explaining to anyone who has a scientific mind, Brian Cox has stressed why such apparitions are "inconceivable."

"INCONCEIVABLE"
Yeah to a scientist who only wants to continually do repetitive tests? The Paranormal world is not this world of material things or has someone left that bit of CRUCIAL EVIDENCE out of the equation?
Anyways...

Continued... "We must, in other words, invent an extension to the Standard Model of Particle Physics that has escaped detection at the Large Hadron Collider. That's almost inconceivable at the energy scales typical of the particle interactions in our bodies." Neil deGrasse Tyson, an astrophysicist who was a guest on the episode, responded, "if I understand what you just declared, you just asserted that CERN, the European Centre for Nuclear Research, disproved the existence of ghosts." Cox agreed.

So there you go! Pack up, get your hammock and your outdoor Crocks on and git thumbing it back to fairy land? It's all been sussed out and "extensively" I might add by these two during a radio show!

I knew it was this easy to work out the whole Paranormal phenomenon in a short radio interview? If only I knew beforehand I could of done it and wrote a book?

Speaking on his BBC Radio 4 show The Infinite Monkey Cage (real edgy) the University of Manchester professor explained that if ghosts existed, CERN's Large Hadron Collider would have found them by now.

My biggest problem with that is this Mr Cox:

They're not even looking for Ghosts! So they're not even using the right equipment (unless you know something we don't?) So if they're not using the right equipment (maybe) how can they be sure that they're checking all avenues that could result in the existence of Ghosts? They could be missing one crucial lense? Or a filter that needs to inside the machine? Or what about less or more energy?

So yeah, I don't agree with Mr Cox because of the reasons i've just said?

C'mon how can you say that Ghosts don't exist when your not even doing any research or experiments on Ghosts? Your taking findings from something totally different and applying their answers to the Paranormal world? It just does not compute?

Like I say, UNLESS you know something we don't know?
Are they even looking for Ghosts? If they are not looking for Ghosts then I rest my case?

 "If we want some sort of pattern that carries information about our living cells to persist, then we must specify precisely what medium carries that pattern, and how it interacts with the matter particles out of which our bodies are made,” Cox said.

Credit: Dominguez, Daniel; Brice, Maximilien

The LHC searches for the tiniest parts of our Universe

The Standard Model of Particle Physics describes everything we know about the fundamental building blocks of nature. It says fundamental particles are governed by four forces: gravity, electromagnetic, weak nuclear and strong nuclear. It is the best description of the fabric of reality we have so far, but it is not perfect. Scientists are constantly searching for new particles that do not fit the model.

Ghost under a sheet or a prank?

This is because they hope to break free of its strict guidelines, which have so far been unable to explain things like how classical and quantum physics can fit together. While particle physicists are battling with discrepancies in the incomplete theory, Cox says there is no way ghosts are another one of these mysteries, because they defy the laws of thermodynamics. His explanation for this is simple: if ghosts existed, they would be made purely of energy, because they contain no matter allowing them to pass through walls and do other "spooky" things.

The second law of thermodynamics says the overall entropy, or disorder, in a system always increases with time and this means energy is always lost to heat. The only way a ghost could continue to haunt Earth is if they had a constant incoming source of energy – otherwise they would not last very long at all. The LHC is the world’s largest particle accelerator, used by physicists to get a glimpse of the tiniest parts of our Universe. It can see how our own cells are driven by energy, and if there was a strange force driving ghosts’ cells, we would have seen it by now.

The Moon Is Littered With Structures And Ancient Relics

Guys, these are the best and most evident Moon Anomalies that we've ever published to our site? The proof of people either "living on or working on" the distant, very ancient Moon is gathering pace like never before?

BUT WHY?

It's because of the undeniable "common sense" and real NASA images which show us everything from.... Well, just have a look for yourselves:

The proof of people either living on or working on the distant, very ancient Moon
Lunar structure.








The proof of people either living on or working on the distant, very ancient Moon
Lunar ruins.

There are many anomalous ruins, relics and strange "intelligent looking" or created to a plan structures on our Moon that beg the question, who put them there - because for certain it wasn't humans.

The proof of people either living on or working on the distant, very ancient Moon
Ancient ruins.

So to say that nobody has ever stepped foot on the Moon before 1969 is pure myth! These are just the very tip of the iceberg as i'm sure you've already seen other Moon images that have very unusual and very strange things in them? These are no exception and not from the mind of anyone, these are from NASA.

The proof of people either living on or working on the distant, very ancient Moon
Moon tower.


The proof of people either living on or working on the distant, very ancient Moon
And it goes on and on.

There are remains of bridges, buildings, rows of buildings and a massive Alien looking spacecraft. In the image below, you'll see what can only be described as an Alien looking craft, right? It's intelligent design says it's Alien and it looks like it's been there for a very long time?

The proof of people either living on or working on the distant, very ancient Moon







The proof of people either living on or working on the distant, very ancient Moon
Machine making tracks up and out of a crater and not a rolling meteorite.

The proof of people either living on or working on the distant, very ancient Moon

The proof of people either living on or working on the distant, very ancient Moon

The proof of people either living on or working on the distant, very ancient Moon

The proof of people either living on or working on the distant, very ancient Moon

The proof of people either living on or working on the distant, very ancient Moon

The proof of people either living on or working on the distant, very ancient Moon

The proof of people either living on or working on the distant, very ancient Moon

The proof of people either living on or working on the distant, very ancient Moon

I hope you go with your common sense after seeing these images and as you can see, these are from the Moon and not been tampered with at all! Although there have been hoaxed Moon images I'm pretty confident that these are the real deal.







I have only added just a few of my favourite Moon anomaly images and the ones which can't be explained, rationally anyways! These images do create confusion because at first one thinks mmh? These must be faked or are photo-shopped but they're not! They are the real deal as far as we have researched?

Please let us know what you think about these exquisite Moon anomalies.

Arnie Schwarzenegger planning to sue oil companies for knowingly killing people all over the world

Arnie is well known for his tough man stance but this is quite literally a story of David and Goliath because the oil industry is massive and the people who own them are pretty much going to get their own way? Why do I say that? Because the past is all we have to go by and if the past tells us anything it's that these oil companies can buy pretty much anyone off that they want to? They are loaded with cash, loaded with lawyers and write their own codes so have I got faith in this or do I see this as a publicity stunt by Arnie? Both! Please like and subscribe and also tell us what you think about this? It's interesting and it definitely doing the right thing, but will he succeed?

I saw men walking on Mars in 1979 (Video)

The woman, named 'Jackie', called into American radio station, Coast to Coast AM, with a 'confession' that she had witnessed suited men walking on the red planet in 1979. Jackie said she was working as part of a 'downstairs' team downloading telemetry from a Viking Lander when she saw the humans via live feed. Now if this true that humans were on the red planet back in 79 then this is astonishing and legendary? But lets keep an open mind here yeah and we will find out more and research this subject further and let you know what we find if anything at all?






Bees on Mars: Nasa funds swarm of robotic insects for exploring Red Planet

A swarm of robotic bees, nimble enough to fly across the surface of Mars and explore the Red Planet’s nooks and crannies, is being funded by Nasa. The cyber-insects, dubbed Marsbees, are the size of bumblebees but have giant wings to generate sufficient lift to hover in the Martian atmosphere, which is around 100 times thinner than Earth’s.

Developed by US and Japanese scientists, the bees would be fitted with sensors and wireless communication devices so they could map terrain, take samples, or even look for signs of life, such as methane emissions.

A swarm of robotic bees, nimble enough to fly across the surface of Mars.

The robot bees would be deployed from a rover, like Nasa's curiosity CREDIT: UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA
Although rovers are already exploring Mars, they move incredibly slowly. Since landing in 2012, Nasa’s Curiosity rover has travelled just 11.2 miles. The Marsbees, would have a mobile base, such as a rover, where they could recharge after they had been deployed. Dr Chang-kwon Kang, of the University of Alabama, said: “Marsbees are robotic flapping wing flyers of a bumblebee size with cicada sized wings. “They are integrated with sensors and wireless communication devices. The swarm of Marsbees can significantly enhance the Mars exploration mission.”

The project is one of 25 early stage innovations which have been selected by Nasa from 230 proposals as part of the Space Agency’s Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) scheme. All receive a cash boost of around $125,000 from Nasa to fund research for nine months and can then apply to be selected from Phase II funding. "The NIAC program gives Nasa the opportunity to explore visionary ideas that could transform future Nasa missions by creating radically better or entirely new concepts while engaging America's innovators and entrepreneurs as partners in the journey," said Jim Reuter, acting associate administrator of Nasa’s Space Technology Mission Directorate. "The concepts can then be evaluated for potential inclusion into our early stage technology portfolio." Other schemes selected include a steam powered jumping robot named ‘Sparrow’ capable of exploring icy ocean world’s such as Saturn’s moon Titan, which many experts believe holds the best chance for finding life in the galaxy.

The hopping 'sparrow' steam powered robot CREDIT: NASA'S JPL.


Explaining the project, Gareth Meirion-Griffith, of Nasa’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, said that the hopping motion of Sparrow could help even when teams did not know the terrain. “The employment of a multi-hop architecture allows for the rapid traverse of great distances, enabling a single mission to reach multiple geologic units within a timespan conducive to system survival in a harsh radiation environment. “A propulsive hopping technique allows for complete terrain agnosticism.” Nasa's Jet Propulsion Laboratory has also received funding for a shapeshifting robot which would change depnding on whether it was flying in the atmosphere, rolling on a smooth surface, floating on lakes, or exploring caves. The bot, dubbed 'shapeshifter' is a flying amphibious robot (FAR), comprised of smaller robotic units, referred to as cobots which can break away to carry out independent tasks. Aliakbar Aghamohammadi, project leader, said: "Shapeshifter can morph into a ball that rolls on the surface, a flight array that can fly & hover above-surface and move in subsurface voids, and a torpedo-like structure to swim under-liquid efficiently "It morphs into other functional systems to carry out a diverse set of tasks. Examples include transporting large and heavy objects, traversing long distances with minimal power consumption and creating communication networks to communicate to surface from deep hard-to-access areas."

An artist's impression of shapeshifters exploring Kraken Mare on Saturn's moon Titan by self-assembling and into different shapes CREDIT: ALI AGHA, JOSE MENDEZ, JPL.

The University of Maryland also won funding to develop a ‘biobot’, a rover type robot, which would trundle alongside astronauts on lengthy missions, connected by an umbilical cord. to provide them with oxygen, food and water. The companion robot would also be able to carry communications equipment and high-resolution cameras.


Life is already on Mars, so these robot Bee's are to keep an eye on the Martians!

Dr David Akin, said: “Astronauts involved in future lunar or Mars exploration will be on the surface for weeks or months rather than days, and will be involved in regular EVA (extra vehicle activity) operations. “It is clear that planetary surface exploration activities would be greatly improved if the astronauts did not have to carry a portable life support systems to maintain life support function.”

The Alchemists Dream: Scientists Find Bacteria That Transforms Toxins Into Gold

Scientists have found a bacterium that ‘poops’ gold by detoxifying itself of heavy metals. The Nuggets can aggregate to the size of sand grains say, experts. It’s every Alchemist's dream. If we take a quick read about Alchemy, we will come across the philosopher’s stone and a substance that could turn ordinary metals into precious metals, such as gold and silver.

Scientists have found a bacterium that ‘poops’ gold.

For a long time, finding this magical stone was the most sought-after goal in the world of alchemy, the medieval ancestor of chemistry. Now, a team of German and Australian scientists has managed to unveil the hitherto mysterious molecular process that allows a certain bacterium the bacillus Cupriavidus metallidurans to digest toxic metals and turn them into gold.

As noted by science alert, “the rod-shaped C. metallidurans was first found to poop gold nuggets back in 2009, when scientists discovered that it somehow manages to ingest toxic gold compounds and convert them into the element’s metallic form without any apparent danger to the organism itself.”

Gold biominerals.

“The results of this study point to their involvement in the active detoxification of gold complexes leading to the formation of gold biominerals,” lead researcher, geomicrobiologist Frank Reith said in 2009. According to the results of the new study, the bacteria, which lives mostly in soils with a high content of heavy metals, managed to adapt to highly toxic environmental conditions.

“If an organism chooses to survive here, it has to find a way to protect itself from these toxic substances,” says co-author of the latest study, microbiologist Dietrich H. Nies from Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg in Germany.

An image of the micrometer-sized gold nuggets ‘pooped’ by C. metallidurans as it detoxifies itself of heavy metals. The nuggets can aggregate to the size of sand grains. Image Credit: Technical University of Munich.

An image of the micrometer-sized gold nuggets ‘pooped’ by C. metallidurans as it detoxifies itself of heavy metals. The nuggets can aggregate to the size of sand grains. Image Credit: Technical University of Munich

Cupriavidus metallidurans the metals and excretes microscopic gold nuggets.

To avoid being poisoned by heavy metals which are deadly to other creatures, Cupriavidus metallidurans the metals and excretes microscopic gold nuggets. As well as gold, copper is introduced into C. Metadillurans and when the particles of one and another metal come into contact, a series of chemical processes take place. Cupriavidus metallidurans employ enzymes to shift the aggressive metals out of their cells and for copper; it uses an enzyme called CupA.

However, the presence of gold makes things a bit more difficult note experts. “When gold compounds are also present, the enzyme is suppressed, and the toxic copper and gold compounds remain inside the cell,” says Nies. But, just as with Copper, the ‘Alchemists Bacteria’ employs another enzyme which scientists have labeled CopA. Using CupA and CopA, the bacterium has the ability convert the copper and gold compounds into forms that are less quickly absorbed by the cell. “This assures that fewer copper and gold compounds enter the cellular interior,” explains Nies.

Cupriavidus metallidurans the metals and excretes microscopic gold nuggets.

“The bacterium is poisoned less, and the enzyme that pumps out the copper can dispose of the excess copper unimpeded.” Through the interaction of different enzymes, the bacteria retains in it’s inside the toxic compounds of both metals and molecularly transforms the compounds to secrete so-called secondary gold.

Thus, the role of this bacterium in nature is decisive for the formation of this type of gold, which arises from the decomposition of primary gold, allowing scientists to unravel the biochemical cycle of the precious metal. The research has been published in Metallomics. Featured image credit: Arrows point to gold particles on C. metallidurans (American Society for Microbiology)

Cupriavidus metallidurans the metals and excretes microscopic gold nuggets.

New Cancer ‘Vaccine’ That Cured 97% of Tumors in Mice to Begin Human Trials

A cancer treatment is to begin human testing.

A cancer treatment is to begin human testing now as it has proven to be far more effective in mice than we would have ever imagined. This is astounding! A study done on mice published not too long ago in Science Translational Medicine showed that by injecting two immune-stimulating agents directly into a tumor caused T-cells to destroy cancerous cells. This managed to destroy them in the local tumor as well as the distant secondary mass, a feat we have not seen accomplished before. This combination treatment brought forth a response like no other and can be administered easily through injection. It is very much like a ‘vaccine’ though it is a bit different.

It has recently become apparent that the immune system can cure cancer.

The abstract on this study goes as follows:

It has recently become apparent that the immune system can cure cancer. In some of these strategies, the antigen targets are preidentified and therapies are custom-made against these targets. In others, antibodies are used to remove the brakes of the immune system, allowing preexisting T cells to attack cancer cells. We have used another noncustomized approach called in situ vaccination. Immunoenhancing agents are injected locally into one site of tumor, thereby triggering a T cell immune response locally that then attacks cancer throughout the body. We have used a screening strategy in which the same syngeneic tumor is implanted at two separate sites in the body.

This treatment has proven to be effective.

One tumor is then injected with the test agents, and the resulting immune response is detected by the regression of the distant, untreated tumor. Using this assay, the combination of unmethylated CG–enriched oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG) a Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) ligand and anti-OX40 antibody provided the most impressive results. TLRs are components of the innate immune system that recognize molecular patterns on pathogens. Low doses of CpG injected into a tumor induce the expression of OX40 on CD4+ T cells in the microenvironment in mouse or human tumors.

An agonistic anti-OX40 antibody can then trigger a T cell immune response, which is specific to the antigens of the injected tumor. Remarkably, this combination of a TLR ligand and an anti-OX40 antibody can cure multiple types of cancer and prevent spontaneous genetically driven cancers. You see, normally T-cells are not effective when it comes to fighting or killing off tumors because of malignant cells within. These malignant cells are too similar to healthy cells to be recognized but that is one milestone that has been overcome for now.

This treatment has proven to be effective in mice.

This treatment has proven to be effective in mice for multiple forms of cancer and means something amazing for us all. The results were basically a 97 percent cure rate which is unheard of, to say the least. These researchers are going to be evaluating these injections in humans with a subtype of lymphoma known as low-grade B-cell Non-Hodgkin.

It has been said that there will be about 35 adult patients in this study that will be broken into two groups later this year. While this study is not yet open it will be quite interesting to see how things play out. They are going to be working hard to see whether or not this clinical trial leads to something more. What do you think about all of this? Do you think these injections will prove effective in humans or is this a dead end?

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